Dr Sarah Ann White Staff Profile

Senior Lecturer in Biostatistics

PhD. Stat (Univ. Nottingham), BSc. Mat (Univ. Nottingham)

Dr. Sarah White completed her postgraduate studies in Medical Statistics at the University of Nottingham in England. She has worked as a Senior Lecturer in Biostatistics at both the College of Medicine (CoM) and Chancellor College, University of Malawi. She is currently based in the UK, working as a Biostatistician with a Maternal and Neonatal Health Centre (https://www.lstmed.ac.uk/about/people/dr-sarah-white) which works in developing countries. She is also a visiting Senior Lecturer in the Department of Mathematical Sciences, Chancellor College where she has delivered modules in the Masters in Biostatistics programme since its inception in 2010, namely Survival data analysis, Longitudinal data analysis, and Clinical Trials.

She has supervised 3 successful MSc. Biostatistics Students in the programme, and she is currently supervising several more students in the programme. Dr. Sarah White is also a co-supervisor of a PhD. student in the Department of Mathematical Sciences-Chancellor College, Tsirizani Kaombe, with Prof. Samuel Manda as Lead supervisor. She also previously co-supervised the PhD studies of Dr. Mavuto Mukaka at University of Liverpool – LSTM and University of Malawi-CoM. Dr. Sarah White is an author / co-author of over 30 publications in peer reviewed journals, some of which are listed below. She is currently a member of both the Statistical Association of Malawi and the Royal Statistical Society, UK.

Dr. Sarah White previously served as Biostatistician and Head of Statistics and Data Management Department (Senior Research Assistant) at Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Programme (MLW), Blantyre, Malawi. Before joining the University of Malawi she gained skills in Pharmaceutical statistics working up to Senior Statistician level with Boots Pharmaceuticals, Nottingham, UK.


McCauley M, Madaj B, White SA, Dickinson F, Bar-Zev S, Aminu M, Godia P, Mittal P, Zafar S, van den Broek N. Burden of physical, psychological and social ill-health during and after pregnancy among women in India, Pakistan, Kenya and Malawi. BMJ Glob Health. 2018 May 3;3(3):e000625. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000625. 

Mukaka M, White SA, Mwapasa V, Kalilani Phiri L, Terlouw DJ, Faragher B. Adjusted risk difference estimation: an assessment of convergence problems with application to malaria efficacy studies. Open Acc Biostat Bioinform. 2017; 1(1). OABB.000502. 2017.

Voskuijl W, Potani I, Bandsma R, Baan A, White S, Bourdon C, Kerac M. Stool frequency recording in severe acute malnutrition ('StoolSAM'); an agreement study comparing maternal recall versus direct observation using diapers. BMC Pediatr. 2017 Jun 7;17(1):140. doi: 10.1186/s12887-017-0874-0.

Ameh CA, Kerr R, Madaj B, Mdegela M, Kana T, Jones S, Lambert J, Dickinson F, White S, van den Broek N. Knowledge and Skills of Healthcare Providers in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia before and after Competency-Based Training in Emergency Obstetric and Early Newborn Care. PLoS One. 2016 Dec 22;11(12). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167270

Mukaka M, White SA, Terlouw DJ, Mwapasa V, Kalilani Phiri L, Faragher B. Is using multiple imputation better than complete case analysis for estimating a prevalence (risk) difference in randomized controlled trials when binary outcome observations are missing?; Trials 2016: 17:341 DOI: 10.1186/s13063-016-1473-3

Jones SA, Gopalakrishnan S, Ameh CA, White S, van den Broek NR. Women and babies are dying but not of Ebola’: the effect of the Ebola virus epidemic on the availability, uptake and outcomes of maternal and newborn health services in Sierra Leone BMJ Global Health Oct 2016, 1 (3) e000065; DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2016-000065

Halim A, Dewez JE, Biswas A, Rahman F, White S, van den Broek N.  When, Where, and Why Are Babies Dying? Neonatal Death Surveillance and Review in Bangladesh.  PLoS One. 2016 Aug 1;11(8): doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159388

Mukaka M, White SA, Mwapasa V, Kalilani-Phiri L, Terlouw DJ and Faragher EB. Model choices to obtain adjusted risk difference estimates from a binomial regression model with convergence problems: An assessment of methods of adjusted risk difference estimation. J Med Stat Inform. 2016; 4:5. http://dx.doi.org/10.7243/2053-7662-4-5

Esan MO, van Hensbroek MB, Nkhoma E, Musicha C, White SA, ter Kuile FO, Phiri KS. Iron supplementation in HIV-infected Malawian children with anemia: a double-blind, randomized controlled trial. Clin Infect Dis 2013;57(11):1626-34. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit528

Gladstone M, White S, Kafulafula G, Neilson J, vd Broek NR. Post-neonatal Mortality, Morbidity and Developmental Outcome after Ultrasound-Dated Preterm Birth in Rural Malawi: A Community Based Cohort Study. PLoS Medicine 2011; 8(11): e1001121, doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001121.

French N, Gordon SB., Mwalukomo T, White SA, Mwafulirwa G, Longwe H, Mwaiponya M, Zijlstra EE, Molyneux ME, Gilks CF. A trial of a 7-valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in HIV-infected Adults. NEJM 2010; 362(9):812-22.

van den Broek NR, White SA, Goodall M, Ntonya C, Kayira E, Kafulafula G and Neilson J. The APPLe Study: A Randomised, Community-Based, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Azithro0mycin for the prevention of preterm birth, with Meta-Analysis. PLoS Med. Dec 2009 6(12): e1000191. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000191.

MacLennan CA, Liu MKP, White S, van Oosterhout JJG, Simukonda F, Bwanali J, Moore MJ, Zijlstra EE, Drayson MT, Molyneux ME. Diagnostic accuracy and clinical utility of a simplified low-cost flow-cytometric CD4 counting method in Africa. BMJ 2007; 335(7612): 190. doi: 10.1136/bmj.39268.719780.BE

MacLennan CA, van Oosterhout JJG, White SA, Lifa E, Drayson MT, Zijlstra EE, Molyneux ME. Finger-prick blood samples can be used interchangeably with venous samples for CD4 counting indicating their potential for use in CD4 rapid tests. AIDS 2007; 21:1643-5

van den Broek N, White S, Flowers, C, Cook J, Letsky E, Tanumihardjo C, Mhango C, Molyneux M, Neilson J. Randomised trial of Vitamin A supplementation in pregnant women in rural Malawi found to be anaemic on screening by HemoCue. BJOG 2006: 113:1-8. doi:  10.1111/j.1471-0528.2006.00891.x

van den Broek NR, Ntonya C, Kayira E, White S, Neilson JP. Preterm birth in rural Malawi: high incidence in ultrasound-dated population. Human Reproduction 2005; 20: 3235-7. doi: 10.1093/humrep/dei208

White, SA, van den Broek, NR. Methods for Assessing Reliability and Validity for a Measurement Tool: A Case Study and Critique using the WHO Haemoglobin Colour Scale. Statistics in Medicine 2004; 23(10):1603-19.

Manda, AK, White, SA & Nthara, K. The Relationship Between Socio-economic Factors and Different Energy Options for Household Use in the municipality of Zomba. Malawi Journal of Science and Technology 2004; 7:1-9

van den Broek NR, White SA, Ntonya C, Ngwale M, Cullinan T, Molyneux ME, Neilson JP. Reproductive Health in rural Malawi: a population-based survey. BJOG 2003; 110(10):902-908.

White SA. Statistics Corner 3: Interpreting regression models, part 2. Malawi Medical Journal. 2003; 15(1):20-21.

White SA. Statistics Corner 2: Interpreting regression models, part 1. Malawi Medical Journal. 2002; 14(2): 34-35

White SA. Statistics Corner: Comparing two diagnostic tests. Malawi Medical Journal. 2002; 14(1): 26-28

van den Broek, NR, Rogerson, SJ, Mhango, CG, Kambala, B, White, SA, Molyneux, ME. Anaemia in pregnancy in southern Malawi: prevalence and risk factors. BJOG, 2000 (107): 445-451

van den Broek, NR, Ntonya, C, Mhango, E, White, SA. Diagnosing anaemia in pregnancy in rural clinics – assessing the potential of the Haemoglobin Colour Scale. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation, 1999; 77(1): 15-21.

van den Broek, NR, White, SA, Neilson JP. The relationship between asymptomatic HIV infection and the prevalence and severity of anemia in pregnant Malawian women. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 1998; 59(6): 1004-7.

Skene, AM, White, SA. A latent class model for repeated measurements experiments. Statistics in Medicine, 1992; 11(16):2111-22


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Chancellor College is the largest among the constituent colleges of the University of Malawi. Ever since its establishment, the college has produced graduates who have gone on to become leaders in various sectors of Malawian society.

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